Like many people who are nearing their retirement years, you may be concerned about the likelihood that you (or your spouse) will need long-term care (LTC) at some point. As you likely know, the cost of LTC can be exorbitant. Medicaid may be able to help; however, you may also be worried about losing your home if you turn to Medicaid for help. To help prepare you for the future, the Grand Forks Medicaid planning attorneys at German Law explain Medicaid eligibility in North Dakota and whether your home is at risk.
Why Might You Need to Qualify for Medicaid?
Medicaid is a federal healthcare program targeted at providing healthcare services to low-income individuals and families. As a senior, you might suddenly find yourself in a position in which qualifying for Medicaid is your only hope with assistance covering the high cost of long-term care (LTC). Nationwide, residents paid, on average, over $100,000 for a year of LTC in 2022. What makes the high cost of LTC so alarming though is that neither Medicare nor most health insurance policies will cover LTC expenses. Unless you can afford to easily pay for LTC out of pocket, that leaves Medicaid as your only hope for help.
Medicaid Eligibility in North Dakota
While Medicaid will cover LTC expenses for program participants, you must qualify for the program. In North Dakota, you cannot have countable resources (assets) that exceed $3,000 if you apply as an individual or $6,000 if applying as a married couple. If you are married and only one spouse is applying, the applicant cannot have assets valued at over $3,000 while the non-applicant may have countable resources of up to $148,620 (as of 2023). If your assets exceed the limit, your application will be denied, and you will have to “spend-down” those assets until they fall below the limit. If you have considerable equity in your primary residence, you may be concerned given the low countable resources limit. The good news is that certain assets are exempt when considering eligibility for Medicaid in North Dakota, including, but not limited to:
- Personal belongings
- One automobile
- Household goods and furniture
- Irrevocable itemized burial contracts
In addition, equity in your home is exempt when determining your countable resources up to the current equity limit if you intend to return to the home. As of 2023, the equity limit is $688,000.
Medicaid Estate Recovery Program
Unfortunately, the analysis does not stop with Medicaid eligibility. While the equity in your home is usually not at risk when applying for Medicaid, it can be at risk after your death if Medicaid paid for LTC while you were alive. The Medicaid Estate Recovery Program (MERP) allows the state to file a claim against a decedent’s estate if Medicaid paid for LTC while the decedent was alive. In other words, your house could still be at risk after you are gone.
How To Protect Your House
The key to protecting the equity in your home when you apply for Medicaid as well as from a claim made by MERP is to include a Medicaid planning component in your estate plan. There are several legal tools and strategies, such as creating a Medicaid trust, that can be utilized to protect your assets while setting you up for Medicaid eligibility down the road. For these tools to protect your home, however, you need to have a plan in place long before you apply for Medicaid. Talk to your estate planning attorney about how to incorporate Medicaid planning into your estate plan.
Contact a Grand Forks Medicaid Planning Attorney
Please join us for an upcoming FREE seminar. If you have additional questions about how to protect your home in your estate plan, contact a Grand Forks Medicaid planning attorney at German Law by calling 701-738-0060 to schedule an appointment.
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